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Effective Decision Making

Effective Decision Making

Effective Decision Making

Effective decision making is essential in both personal and professional settings. It is a process that involves weighing the pros and cons of various options before choosing the best one.

However, decision making can be challenging, especially when the situation is complex and requires careful analysis.

To simplify the process, decision making can be classified into six kinds, each requiring its own decision matrix.

The first kind of decision matrix is Prioritizing by Value.

This involves determining the relative importance of different options by assigning a score to each one based on specific criteria.

For example, when choosing a new job, factors such as salary, benefits, work-life balance, and career growth can be evaluated based on their significance.

The second kind of decision matrix is Prioritizing by Logical Sequence.

This involves breaking down a complex task into smaller, more manageable steps and determining the order in which they need to be completed.

For example, when planning a project, the various tasks involved can be evaluated based on their dependencies and the resources required for each one.

The third kind of decision matrix is the Yes or No Decision.

This is where one must determine whether or not to pursue a particular course of action.

This can involve evaluating the potential risks and benefits associated with a decision, as well as considering any ethical or legal implications.

The fourth kind of decision matrix involves selecting the Best Option from many.

This can involve weighing the pros and cons of each option, considering the resources required for each one, and evaluating their long-term impact.

The fifth kind of decision matrix is one Problem-Causes-Solutions.

This involves identifying the root cause of a problem and developing potential solutions based on that cause.

For example, if a product is not selling well, a decision matrix can be used to identify the reasons why and develop strategies to address the issue.

The sixth and final kind of decision matrix is Problem-Implication-Countermeasures.

This involves evaluating the potential implications of a particular course of action and developing countermeasures to address any potential negative consequences. This can be particularly useful when making decisions in high-stakes situations, such as in business or politics.


In conclusion, effective decision making requires a systematic approach that considers the complexity of the situation. By classifying decision making into six kinds, each requiring its own decision matrix, you can simplify the process and make more informed decisions.

You are invited to use our free Decision Making Apps to help you make better choices.

Whether it involves prioritizing options, selecting the best choice, or evaluating potential risks and benefits, using a decision matrix can help individuals make more effective and confident decisions.

About the Author: Chris Farmer


Chris Farmer is the founder of the Corporate Coach Group and has many years’ experience in training leaders and managers, in both the public and private sectors, to achieve their organisational goals, especially during tough economic times. He is also well aware of the disciplines and problems associated with running a business.

Over the years, Chris has designed and delivered thousands of training programmes and has coached and motivated many management teams, groups and individuals. His training programmes are both structured and clear, designed to help delegates organise their thinking and, wherever necessary, to improve their techniques and skills.

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Further Reading in Decision Making and Problem Solving

  • Creative problem solving and decision making
    Creative problem solving and decision making Have you got problems? Of course! We all have problems. And we all want to know how to solve them. How can you solve your problems? Here are some notes on problem solving. What is "a problem"? A problem is the difference between your...
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  • Influencing Decisions When You're Not the Most Senior Person
    Decisions are usually made by the most senior people in an organisation. But less senior employees can influence the decisions if they develop certain skills and attributes. We examine how you can influence decision-makers.
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  • Decision Making and Problem Solving Training
    When you are faced with a situation, you need to classify what kind of situation it is, then use the appropriate mode of thinking for the problem.
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  • Be a Straight Thinker
    Being able to think straight is an asset in life. We know this means making rational decisions, but what exactly does that mean in reality? You need to learn to be a critical thinker and here are four things to remember to get your thinking straight.
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  • What is the Law of Cause and Effect?
    "Everything happens for a reason" is a commonly used expression, but not necessarily accurate. Everything that happens has a cause, or causes. "For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction."
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